Note de Grammaire- passé composé avec être


Passé composé with être

To form the passé composé of some verbs, you use être instead of avoir as the helping verb.  The verbs you’ve just learned follow this pattern, as do the verbs aller, tomber and arriver, to name a few.

Rentrer = to go back/re-enter

Je suis rentré(e)                                  nous sommes rentré(e)(s)
Tu es rentré(e)                                  vous êtes rentré(e)(s)
Il/elle/on est rentré(e)(s)           ils/elles sont rentré(e)(s)

When you form the passé composé with être, the past participle MUST agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the subject, just like an adjective agrees with the noun it describes.

–         If the subject of the verb is feminine, add an –e to the past participle.

–         If the subject is feminine plural, add –es.

–         If it’s masculine plural, add an –s.

Don’t forget that a compound subject with one masculine element is considered masculine plural.


1/ Je ________  _________ (went) au supermarché. [boy]

2/ Tu _________  __________ (fell) par terre. [girl]

3/ On __________  _____________ (came back) aux USA. [boys&girls]

4/ Vous __________  ___________ (were born) à Philadelphie. [girls]

5/ Ils ___________  _____________ (became) médecins.

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