Note de Grammaire – possessive adjectives

Note de Grammaire #13 – possessive adjectives

NOTE DE GRAMMAIRE –  Possessive Adjectives


Before a masculine singular noun Before a feminine singular noun Before a plural noun (m. or f.)
My Mon Ma Mes
Your Ton Ta Tes
His/Her/Its Son Sa Ses
Our Notre Notre Nos
Your Votre Votre Vos
Their Leur Leur Leurs

*Son, sa and ses may mean either her, his.

C’est son père. = That’s her father OR That’s his father.

C’est sa mère. = That’s her mother OR That’s his mother.

Ce sont ses parents. = Those are her parents OR Those are his parents.

*Mon, ton and son are used before all singular nouns that begin with a vowel sound, whether the noun is masculine or feminine.

C’est ton amie Marianne?

C’est mon oncle Xavier.

*Use ton, ta and tes with people you would normally address with tu.

*Use votre and vos with people you would normally address with vous.

*Another way to indicate possession is with the preposition “ de ”.   De/d’ plus a person’s name is used in the same way as “ ’s ” in English.

Ex: J’aime bien le frère d’André. à I really like Andre’s brother.


Choose the correct possessive adjective in each sentence.

1/ Voilà ( mon / ma ) frère Olivier.

2/ Ça, c’est (mon / ma ) crayon.

3/ Ça, c’est (nos / notre ) chat, Zola.

4/ Ce sont (mes / ses) soeurs, Alice et Marianne.

5/ Ça, c’est Jacques, c’est (leur / leurs ) cousin.



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