Régions de France

Les Régions de la France

I hope you’ve enjoyed learning about these regions of France. I think we had a fun and also educational time with it. Some of the info we learned for the purpose of knowledge, and I know the parts of it you’ll be asked about Friday you’d like to focus on, so read on and scroll on for the foci.

Scroll all the way down for key points to copy for Thursday’s homework (key points), noting things along the way. You will not necessarily be asked all of the key points in matching; there will also possibly be memorable points from students’ presentations or class discussion in the matching for the regions.

Vocabulary is also located à la fin

 Voila les Régions de la France

Vieilles Regions        Capitale          Nourriture       Terre       Economie         Intéressant

 

Size of regions ranked largest first

1 Nouvelle-Aquitaine 84,061 13.3% 15.4%
2 French Guiana 83,534 13.2%
3 Occitanie 72,724 11.5% 13.3%
4 Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 69,711 11.0% 12.8%
5 Grand Est 57,433 9.0% 10.5%
6 Bourgogne-Franche-Comté 47,784 7.6% 8.8%
7 Centre-Val de Loire 39,151 6.2% 7.2%
8 Pays de la Loire 32,082 5.1% 5.9%
9 Hauts-de-France 31,713 5.1% 5.9%
10 Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur 31,400 5.0% 5.8%
11 Normandy 29,906 4.7% 5.5%
12 Brittany 27,208 4.3% 5.0%
13 Île-de-France 12,012 1.9% 2.2%
14 Corsica 8,680 1.4% 1.6%

 

  1. Grand-Est  (Cosette) – Alsace Lorraine Champagne-Ardenne  |  Strasbourg  |  des lardons, du choux, quiche lorraine (avec des lardons)  |  le Rhin (fleuve)   |  l’industrie, l’agriculture, le tourisme  |  marchés de Noel
    -Lorraine- known as the birthplace of Joan of Arc
    -has a variety of cultural influences because it’s been a major area of dispute between several European countries
    -reliant on its steel industry (although it has been greatly affected by the worldwide steel industry crisis)
  2. Nouvelle-Aquitaine –  Aquitaine – Limousin – Poitou-Charentes | Bordeaux ; Poitou-Charentes is the main producer of cognacle clafoutis – cherry flan-like pie (with pits!) les champs | le bois  | cité du vin” musée du vin à Bordeaux (arguably most-well-known wine varietal)
  3. Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes – Auvergne & Rhône-Alpes  | Lyon  | la raclette ; la fondue | les montagnes- massif du Jura et des Vosges; 80 lacs;   | le Peugeot “la firme au lion” la marque la plus connue des voitures ; Alstom – la compagnie qui a produit le TGV en 1971; le laitier – les vaches pour les fromages comme Morbier |  well-known for its production of Beaujolais wines; second largest region (population) in France after Ile-de-France   Voulez-vous essayer Raclette? Allons à New York!
  4. Bourgogne-Franche-Comté – Bourgogne & Franche-Comté  | Dijon  |   | à l’ouest de la Suisse  | l’industrie le tourisme des sports d’hivers dans les montagnes Jura  | le fromage “comté” (un bon fromage pour la fondue), les jambons, “yellow wine”, et bien sur, la moutarde   |  le lion de Belfort – c’est un symbole de la region, mais aussi il est devenu l’emblème de Peugeot
    un peu plus
  5. Occitanie (Caroline) – Midi-Pyrenees & Languedoc-Roussillon | Toulouse  |   |   |   | la Tauromachie, le Pont du Gard, le Catalan, 
  6. Hauts-de-France – Picardie et Nord Pas de Calais
  7. Normandie (Alice) –|   |  le camembert (fromage) |   |  busy ports provide a gateway for ferries to Britain and London; one of the smallest regions in France; one of the major nuclear centers of France; Mémorial de Caen is a museum and war memorial in Caen, Normandy, France commemorating World War II and the Battle for Caen.
  8. Corse (Thérèse)-
    • Corsu :: the language of Corsica; a blend of Italian and French
    • Riacquistu :: a movement started in the 1970’s meant to revive Corsican culture; comes from the Italian word meaning to re-purchase
    • Le civet de sanglier :: wild boar casserole which is one of Corsica’s most famous dishes
  9. Centre (Camille)-
  10. Île de France- -| Paris | le croque-monsieur | l’huile (aussi l’Aquitaine, mais l’Aquitaine a du gaz aussi comme ressource)  | |  La plus grande population
  11. Pays de la Loire –  Châteaux de la Loire – Explore Les Chateaux –  Le Château d’Angers !
  12. Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur (Lucie)
  13. Bretagne- 

 

Nom:

Nouvelles régions de la France

Nom

Vieilles Régions

Capitale

Nourriture

Terre

Économie

Intéressant

Grand-Est

 Alsace Lorraine Champagne-Ardenne  Strasbourg

Nouvelle-Aquitaine

 Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes  Bordeaux

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

 Auvergne & Rhône-Alpes  Lyon  well-known for its production of Beaujolais wines; in some vintages of Beaujolais produced more wine than 4 varietals of Burgundy wine

la fondue

la raclette

 les montagnes- massif du Jura et des Vosges; 80 lacs
vocab: un volcan – volcano (many inactive volcanoes in this landscape)
la raclette- a dish of sizzling cheese scraped off a plate; things dipped into it
 Peugeot– French car brand (orig. sold bikes) ;
Alstom – la compagnie qui a produit le TGV en 1971;
producteurs laitiers – des vaches pour les fromages comme Morbier
 second largest region (population) in France after Ile-de-France

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté

 Bourgogne & Franche-Comté  Dijon vocab: boeuf bourguignon, la moutarde, le fromage “comté”,  et “vin jaune” (yellow wine)
“Red Burgundy” is just a Pinot Noir. “White Burgundy” is also made in Burgundy, but, since it is white, it is made from 100% Chardonnay grapes.
 l’énergie positive – positive energy i.e. a house that makes more energy than it uses

terres cultivés

Occitanie

Hauts-de-France

 Picardie et Nord Pas de Calais  Lille  Connection to the English Channel – la Manche

Normandie

 Haute Normandie
Basse Normandie

Corse

     —–

Centre

   —–

Île-de-France

   —–

Pays-de-la-Loire

   —–

Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur

   —–

Bretagne

   —–

 

Les Points Clés – (Key Points)

Grand-Est –
-known as the birthplace of Joan of Arc
-has a variety of cultural influences because it’s a major area of dispute between several European countries
-reliant on its steel industry (although it has been greatly affected by the worldwide steel industry crisis

Hauts de France
-known as the place where France was born (Picardie)
-population is dense, as a result of a large number of immigrants from Belgium and Poland in the 1800s.
-one can find carnivals and annual fairs called “braderies” in the northern part of this region
-in the capital, Lille, one can find the Musée Beaux-Arts (one of the largest art museums in France)
-the largest cathedral in France (cathédrale Notre-Dame) is located in Picardie’s capital (Amiens)

Normandie
-one of the major nuclear centers of France (2 nuclear plants)
-because of its accessibility, has a history of being invaded
-busy ports provide a gateway for ferries to Britain and London

Occitanie
-famous for its city of Lourdes, a heavily visited pilgrimage site where a young girl saw the Virgin Mary 18 times
-Midi-Pyrenees’ capital of Toulouse is the 4th largest city in France
-has a strong aerospace industry

Ile de France
-accounts for approximately 20% of France’s economy
-largest population, though it is the smallest region
-all the tourist attractions (Louvre, Notre Dame, Champs-Elysees, la Bastille, etc.)

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
-well-known for its production of Beaujolais wines
-this mountainous region is also known for foods like fondue and “la raclette”
le Peugeot “la firme au lion” la marque la plus connue des voitures
-second largest region (population) in France after Ile-de-France

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
-Burgundy produces Burgundy wines and boeuf bourguignon
-this region is known for foods like la moutarde (with capital being Dijon), le fromage “comté”,  et “le vin jaune”

Pays de la Loire
-From the 15-18th century, this region was known as the playground of royalty
-Thanks to the many rivers running through this region, it is considered an important gate to the sea
-known for its many chateaux, including the “chateau d’Angers” with a restored ancient tapestry

Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur
-the language of Occitan was spoken here during the Middle Ages (Langue d’Oc)
during Mardi Gras, Nice is host to a famous Carnival celebration

Corse
-It’s an island, the only “region” not on mainland France
-Birthplace of Napolean Bonaparte
-Tourism is its biggest pull, with its rugged beauty and exceptional olive oil (huile d’olive) and its signature wild boar casserole, le civet de sanglier

Centre
-did not have a merging of regions in 2016, but they did rebrand their name to Centre-Val de Loire, in attempts to attract more visitors

Vocabulaire

LA CORSE:

      •  le civet de sanglier =  wild boar casserole (one of Corsica’s most famous dishes)
        • Corsu = the language of Corsica; a blend of Italian and French
        • Riacquistu = a movement started in the 1970’s meant to revive Corsican culture; comes from the Italian word meaning to re-purchase

LE CENTRE

        • le maïs = corn
        • les électroniques ménagers = household appliances
        • la deuxième guerre mondiale = W.W.II

OCCITANIE:

      • la tauromachie = bullfighting
      • l’aérospatiale = aerospace industry
      • le cassoulet = white bean and meat stew

Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur: 

LE GRAND EST:

      • Une enquête = a poll
      • Une vignoble = a vineyard
      • Christkindlesmarkt = Christmas market a.k.a. “marché de Noël” en français

LA NORMANDIE:

            • laitier = dairy (i.e. élever des vaches laitières – to raise dairy cows)
            • la Teurgoule  =  a rice pudding which is a specialty of Normandy that consists of rice cooked in milk and is flavored with cinnamon or nutmeg. (fait intéressant– teurgoule ~ twisted mouth)
            • terres cultivés–  farmlands
            • Jour-J – The French expression for D-Day (fait intéressant– Le 4 août, c’est le jour J. = August 4th is the big day. (doesn’t have to be associated with military, can stand for any day)

AUTRES DE MLLE. C 

  • la fondue/la raclette = melted cheese goodness fondre = to melt
  • un volcan = a volcano
  • les galettes = buckwheat crepes or waffle-like cookies
  • le Breton = spoken in Bretagne
  • une tapisserie = a tapestry
  • Limousine – un genre de vache de Limousin
  • la Manche – the English Channel
  • le boeuf bourguignon – dish from Bourgogne, traditional French stew with beef and wine broth
      • plus à venir!

 

Pratiquez: Quiz yourself on the regions location in France

 

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